(Reuters) – France will not play Africa’s policeman and sort out a territorial dispute in Mali, Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said on Thursday, a day after Mali’s president and Tuareg separatist rebels both criticized Paris for doing too little.
After winning adulation across its former colony for a 5-month military offensive earlier this year that scattered al Qaeda fighters, France is caught in a tug of war between the government in Bamako and Tuareg MNLA rebels in the north, who are demanding some form of autonomy.
The democratic situation has been re-established. Now it’s up to Malians, and particularly President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, to act, Fabius told RMC radio.
France doesn’t support any group, but it’s normal that territorial integrity is restored. But France doesn’t have to get involved in that. It’s clear.
Mali’s newly elected President Keita on Wednesday launched a scathing attack on France, demanding to know why it was preventing Mali from restoring the state’s authority in the northeastern town of Kidal, which is held by the MNLA. He also said the international community was forcing it to negotiate with the rebels.
Mali imploded last year when the MNLA tried to take control of the north. Their rebellion was soon hijacked by better-armed and funded Islamist militants, but French troops cooperated with them in operations to rout the al Qaeda-linked fighters.
The MNLA said on Wednesday that France had a historic responsibility to find a solution to its dispute with the government.
At a summit in Paris on Friday, France will try to persuade African leaders that it can no longer play policeman on the continent, even as it prepares to intervene in a new conflict in Central African Republic, where it has warned of a risk of genocide.
The killing of two French journalists, seized in broad daylight in Kidal on November 2, shocked France and underscored the difficulties it has in disengaging itself from the troubled west African country.
France dispatched reinforcements to Kidal after the journalists’ deaths, but insists it will not further delay its plan to reduce its 3,200 troops in Mali to 1,000 by February, already two months later than originally scheduled.
It’s not up to us to be the gendarme of Africa, Fabius said.
(Reporting By John Irish; Editing by Mark Trevelyan)